Contributions of Hebb and Lashley to neuropsychological theory are reexamined.
2. Second, Kolb reminds us of Hebb's role in developing Canadian neuropsychology. It is true that Hebb trained a number of students who became leaders in neuroscience in, and outside, Canada. I pointed that out in my 1999 book on p. 80. It is also true that Lashley had only a limited number of graduate students that he directed toward their PhD's. But we have to remember that his productivity in that regard antedated Hebb's by well-nigh a generation, and that he had limited access to graduate students during his years at the Yerkes Laboratories of Primate Biology in Orange Park, Florida. Nevertheless a good number of names come to mind. They include Stone, Landis, Jacobsen, Tsang, Krecheveski (Krech) and Birch. In later years, the docs and post-docs include Beach, Pribram, Semmes (Blum) and Chow. One post-doctoral was awarded the Nobel prize (Sperry) and last but not least, one of his PhD candidates was nominated for the Nobel Prize (Hebb). Not bad, I would say, for a small-town West Virginia boy who never had a formal course in psychology and was elected President of the APA in 1929 at the age of 39!
3. Third, Kolb writes that he found troubling my revisiting 'Lashley's lesson,' that synapses unexcited during original learning may show the effects of learning. He tells us that he can see absolutely no evidence favoring this view. But I cite instance after instance derived from Lashley's papers beginning in 1923. Kolb's own early work on interocular transfer is one of Lashley's favorite examples. Others include transfer of training in general, stimulus and response generalization and equivalence, and recovery of function after brain injury (see pp. 108, 109). I am with Kolb all the way when he urges a more thorough discussion of 'Lashley's lesson.' It is time.
4. I do not believe that "Hebb was somehow given too much credit" for neuropsychological theory. The experientially acquired cell assembly was indubitably his. And his use of it captured the imagination of the neuropsychological community. All I argue is that Lashley was the first to recognize the value of Lorente de N's reverberatory circuit for neuropsychological theory, even before Hilgard and Marquis did in 1940, and some 11 years before Hebb popularized it in the form of the cell assembly.
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