Alan Garnham (1993) Space: the Final Frontier?
. Psycoloquy: 4(30) Reading Inference (12)
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Psycoloquy 4(30): Space: the Final Frontier?
SPACE: THE FINAL FRONTIER?
Reply to Haberlandt on Garnham on Reading-Inference
Laboratory of Experimental Psychology
University of Sussex
Brighton BN1 9QG, UK
The accusation that I work under the assumption that
spatial models are either the most important or the only type of
situation model people construct while reading a narrative text
couldn't be further from the truth. What I wrote about empirical
research on inferences in the spatial domain is that it makes a
particular pedagogical point. It happens to be extremely easy to
distinguish between a representation of the linguistic form of a
text about a spatial layout and a representation of the situation
it describes. Hence, both a priori arguments and empirical evidence
for the use of mental models are easy to find in the spatial
domain. Mental-models theory is supposed to be a theory of how ALL
texts are understood. Similarities between the structure of a text
and the structure of the situation it describes do not always
exist. But even when there are similarities between the structure
of a text and the structure in the world that it describes, there
are crucial differences between mental models and representations
of text structure.
constructionism, inference, mental models, minimalism,
reading, text comprehension.