Roger K. Thomas (1994) Pavlov's Dogs "dripped Saliva at the Sound of a Bell"
. Psycoloquy: 5(80) Pavlov Bell (4)
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Psycoloquy 5(80): Pavlov's Dogs "dripped Saliva at the Sound of a Bell"
PAVLOV'S DOGS "DRIPPED SALIVA AT THE SOUND OF A BELL"
Roger K. Thomas
Commentary on Littman on Pavlov-Bell
Department of Psychology
University of Georgia
Athens, GA 30602-3013
Littman (1994) pursued Catania's (1994) query about
whether Pavlov had ever used a bell as a conditioned stimulus (CS).
Catania and Littman were unable to find evidence that Pavlov used a
bell. Littman argued that the bell as the prototypical CS was
probably attributable to V.M. Bekhterev and John B. Watson. Thomas
(1994) commented that Pavlov used a bell in an experiment
with mice reported in 1923 and retracted in 1927, but that it was
unclear whether Littman's argument was affected. Davis (1994)
supported Littman by arguing that since the bell was electric and
the mouse experiment was operant, Littman's argument was preserved.
I have since learned of three additional references to Pavlov's use
of a bell that strongly challenge Littman's argument as supported
conditioning, Watson, Bekhterev, behaviorism, Pavlov