Anatol Rapoport (1995) Human Reflexion and the Anthropic Principle . Psycoloquy: 6(37) Human Choice (3)

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Commentary on Lefebvre on Human-Choice

University of Toronto

Toronto, Ontario

Canada M5S 1A1

rapoport@vax.library.utoronto.ca

An important event in the development of logic was the discovery of paradoxes inherent in self-reference. Yet in any serious approach to the study of the human psyche, self-reference is unavoidable since it is involved in any account we give about our internal states, about which we have the most direct, hence the most incontrovertible knowledge. Lefebvre (1995) approaches the anthropic principle through a mathematical formalism he has developed over some decades, in which self-reference plays a central role. In this treatment, the anthropic principle is stated as an unfalsifiable (hence empirically untestable) assumption and yet leads to propositions that are testable, hence falsifiable and loaded with empirical content.