David J. Bryant (1992) Lexical Contributions to Spatial Representation
. Psycoloquy: 3(51) Space (9)
Versions: ASCII formatted
Psycoloquy 3(51): Lexical Contributions to Spatial Representation
LEXICAL CONTRIBUTIONS TO SPATIAL REPRESENTATION
David J. Bryant
Reply to Brugman on Bryant on Space
Department of Psychology, 125 NI
Boston, MA 02115
I agree with Brugman's general comment that the
lexical/grammatical level is a primary determinant of the discourse
level, and so must be a determinant of the input to the spatial
representation system (SRS). Further, I agree with Brugman's
argument about the importance of the lexical level in determining
the discourse level. Spatial information carried in lexical items,
especially spatial prepositions, can directly influence the
formation of mental spatial models by the SRS. I examine this
hypothesis in terms of the information necessary to build a spatial
model in the SRS. Brugman also asks why it was assumed that
discourse is represented propositionally by the language system. My
response to Brugman's question is to admit that the original
assumption is somewhat arbitrary. The basis for the assumption was
an effort to address the longstanding debate in psychology over
propositional and mental-model representations. If spatial terms
can call up image schemas that describe geometric properties of the
environment, the schemas can be used to fill in many of the details
left out of discourse.
Spacial representation, spacial models, cognitive maps,
- Brugman, C. (1992). Spatial Cognition: The Perspective from Theoretical Semantics. PSYCOLOQUY 3(45) space.6.
- Bryant, D. J. (1992). A Spatial Representation System in Humans. PSYCOLOQUY 3(16) space.1.
- Jackendoff, R., & Landau, B. (1991). Spatial Language and Spatial Cognition. In D. J. Napoli & J. A. Kegl (Eds.), Bridges Between Psychology and Linguistics: A Swarthmore Festschrift for Lila Gleitman. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
- Lakoff, G. (1987). Women, Fire, and Dangerous Things. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
- Langacker, R. (1987). Foundations of Cognitive Grammar, vol. 1. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
- Retz-Schmidt, G. (1988). Various Views on Spatial Prepositions. AI Magazine, 9, 95-105.
- Van Dijk, T. A., & Kintsch, W. (1983). Strategies of Discourse Comprehension. New York: Academic Press.