Margaret L. Forgie (1995) Are Ovarian Secretions all That Females "need"?
. Psycoloquy: 6(22) Sex Brain (3)
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Psycoloquy 6(22): Are Ovarian Secretions all That Females "need"?
ARE OVARIAN SECRETIONS ALL THAT FEMALES "NEED"?
Margaret L. Forgie
Commentary on Fitch & Denenberg on Sex-Brain
Department of Psychology
The University of Lethbridge
4401 University Drive
Lethbridge, AB, T1K 3M4, CANADA
Fitch & Denenberg (1995) have done an admirable job of
marshalling evidence in support of the hypothesis that the full
development of female-typical behavior requires exposure to ovarian
steroids in the postnatal period. Although I am in agreement with
this position, I feel that the authors have oversimplified the rich
variation in the processes that might account for the production of
sexually-dimorphic behaviors in the adult mammal.
corpus callosum, development, estrogen, feminization,
ovaries, sensitive period.
- Becker, J.B. & Ramirez, V.D. (1981) Experimental studies on the development of sex differences in the release of dopamine from striatal tissue fragments in vitro. Neuroendocrinology 32: 168-173.
- Becker, J.B., Robinson, T.E. & Lorenz, K.A. (1982) Sex differences and estrous cycle variations in amphetamine-elicited rotational behavior. European Journal of Pharmacology 80: 65-72.
- Castner, S.A., Xiao, L. & Becker, J.B. (1993) Sex differences in striatal dopamine: in vivo microdialysis and behavioral studies. Brain Research 610: 127-134.
- Fitch, R. H. & Denenberg, V.H. (1995) A Role for Ovarian Hormones in Sexual Differentiation of the Brain. PSYCOLOQUY 6(5) sex-brain.1.fitch.
- Forgie, M.L. & Stewart, J. (1994a) Effect of prepubertal ovariectomy on amphetamine-induced locomotion in adult female rats. Hormones and Behavior 28: 241-260.
- Forgie, M.L. & Stewart, J. (1994b) Sex differences in the locomotor-activating effects of amphetamine: Role of circulating testosterone in adulthood. Physiology and Behavior 55: 639-644.
- Forgie, M.L. & Stewart, J. (1993) Sex differences in amphetamine-induced locomotor activity in adult rats: Role of testosterone exposure in the neonatal period. Pharmacology Biochemistry & Behavior 46: 637-645.
- Reisert, I. & Pilgrim, C. (1991) Sexual differentiation of monoaminergic neurons-genetic or epigenetic? Trends in Neurosciences 14: 468-473.
- Pilgrim, C. & Hutchinson, J.B. (1994) Developmental regulation of sex differences in the brain: Can the role of gonadal steroids be redefined? Neuroscience 60: 843-855.